1 Timothy (Wycliffe – 1382)

The 1st Epistle to Timothy
Wycliffe: The Early Version (1382)
1:01 Paul, the apostle of Jesus Christ, by the commandment of God our Saviour, and of Jesus Christ our hope,
1:02 to Timothy, beloved son in the faith, grace and mercy and peace, of God the Father, and of Jesus Christ, our Lord.
1:03 As I prayed thee, that thou shouldest dwell at Ephesus, when I went into Macedonia, that thou shouldest announce to some, that they should not teach other way,
1:04 neither give attention to fables and genealogies without end, which give questions, more than edification of God, that is in faith.
1:05 For the end of the commandment is charity of clean heart, and good conscience, and of faith not feigned.
1:06 From which things some erring, be turned together into vain speech;
1:07 willing to be teachers of the law, not understanding, neither what things they speak, neither of what things they affirm.
1:08 And we know that the law is good, if any man use it lawfully;
1:09 witting this thing, that the law is not put to a just man, but to an unjust and not subject, to unpious men and sinners, to cursed men and defouled, to slayers of fathers, and slayers of mothers, to menslayers
1:10 and fornicators, to them that trespass with males against kind, sellers of men, to lying-mongers and to forsworn men, and if any other thing is contrary to wholesome teaching,
1:11 that is after the gospel of the glory of blessed God, which is betaken to me.
1:12 I do thankings to him, that hath comforted me in Christ Jesus our Lord, for he guessed me faithful, putting me in ministry,
1:13 the which I first was a blasphemer, and a pursuer, and full of wrongs. But I have gotten the mercy of God, for I unknowing did in unbelief.
1:14 But the grace of our Lord over abounded, with faith and love that is in Christ Jesus.
1:15 A true word and worthy all receiving, for Christ Jesus came into this world to make sinful men safe, of whom I am the first.
1:16 But therefore I have gotten mercy, that Christ Jesus should shew in me first all patience, to the informing of them that shall believe to him into everlasting life.
1:17 And to the king of worlds, undeadly and invisible to God alone, be honour and glory into worlds of worlds. Amen.
1:18 I commend this precept to thee, son Timothy, after prophecies before-going in thee, that thou fight in them a good knighthood,
1:19 having faith and good conscience, the which some casting away, perished about the faith.
1:20 Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander, whom I betook to Satan, that they learn not to blaspheme.
2:01 Therefore I beseech first of all things, that beseechings, prayers, askings, doing of thankings, be made for all men,
2:02 for kings and all that be set in highness, that we lead a quiet and a peaceable life, in all piety and chastity.
2:03 For this thing is good and accepted before God, our Saviour,
2:04 that will all men to be made safe, and to come to the knowing of truth.
2:05 For one God and one mediator is of God and of men, a man Christ Jesus,
2:06 that gave himself redemption for all men. Whose witnessing is confirmed in his times;
2:07 in which I am set a preacher and an apostle. Soothly I say truth in Christ Jesus, and I lie not, a teacher of heathen men in faith and truth.
2:08 Therefore I will, that men pray in all place, lifting up clean hands without wrath and disputing.
2:09 Also and women in adorned habit, with shamefastness and soberness adorning themselves, not in wreathed hairs, either in gold, or pearls, or precious cloth;
2:10 but that that becometh women, promising piety by good works.
2:11 A woman learn she in silence, with all subjection.
2:12 But I suffer not a woman to teach, neither for to have lordship on the man, but to be in silence.
2:13 For Adam was first formed, afterward Eve;
2:14 and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived, in prevarication.
2:15 But she shall be saved by generation of children, if she dwell perfectly in faith, and love, and holiness, with soberness.
3:01 A faithful word I shall say. If any man desire a bishopric, he desireth a good work.
3:02 Therefore it behooveth a bishop to be irreprehensible, the husband of one wife, sober, prudent, chaste, virtuous, holding hospitality, a teacher;
3:03 not given much to wine, not smiter, but temperate, not litigious, not covetous,
3:04 well-ruling his house, having sons subject with all chastity;
3:05 for if any man know not how to govern his house, how shall he have diligence of the church of God?
3:06 not new converted to the faith, lest he be borne up into pride, and fall into the doom of the devil.
3:07 For it behooveth him to have also good witnessing of them that be withoutforth, that he fall not into reproof, and into the snare of the devil.
3:08 Also it behooveth deacons to be chaste, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not following foul winning;
3:09 having the mystery of faith in clean conscience.
3:10 And forsooth be they proved first, that they minister so, having no crime.
3:11 Also it behooveth women to be chaste, not backbiting, sober, faithful in all things.
3:12 Deacons be they husbands of one wife; which govern well their sons and their houses.
3:13 For they that shall minister well, shall get a good degree to themselves, and much trust in the faith, that is in Christ Jesus.
3:14 Son Timothy, I write to thee these things, hoping me to come soon to thee;
3:15 but if I tarry, that thou knowest, how it behooveth thee to live in the house of God, that is the church of living God, a pillar and firmness of truth.
3:16 And openly it is a great sacrament of piety, that that is shewed in flesh, is justified in Spirit, it appeared to angels, it is preached to heathen men, it is believed in the world, it is taken up into glory.
4:01 Forsooth the Spirit saith openly, for in the last times some shall depart from the faith, giving attention to spirits of error, and to teachings of devils;
4:02 in hypocrisy speaking lying, and having their conscience burnt.
4:03 forbidding to wed, and to abstain from meats, which God made to take with doing of thankings, to faithful men, and them that have known the truth.
4:04 For each creature of God is good, and nothing is to be cast away, which is taken with doing of thankings;
4:05 forsooth it is hallowed by the word of God, and prayer.
4:06 Thou putting forth these things to brethren, shalt be a good minister of Christ Jesus; nourished with words of faith and of good doctrine, which thou hast gotten in following.
4:07 Forsooth shun thou uncovenable fables, and old women’s fables; haunt thyself to piety.
4:08 For bodily exercitation is profitable to little thing; but piety is profitable to all things, having promise of life that now is, and that is to come.
4:09 A true word, and worthy all acception.
4:10 And in this thing we travail, and be cursed, for we hope in living God, that is Saviour of all men, most of faithful men.
4:11 Command thou this thing, and teach.
4:12 No man despise thy youth, but be thou example of faithful men in word, in living, in charity, in faith, in chastity.
4:13 Till I come, take attention to reading, to exhortation and teaching.
4:14 Do not thou despise the grace that is in thee, that is given to thee by prophecy, with putting on of the hands of the priesthood.
4:15 Think thou these things, in these be thou, that thy profiting be shewed to all men.
4:16 Take attention to thyself and to doctrine; be busy in them. For thou doing these things, shalt make both thyself safe, and them that hear thee.
5:01 Blame thou not an elder man, but beseech him as a father, young men as brethren;
5:02 old women as mothers, young women as sisters, in all chastity.
5:03 Honour the widows, that be very widows.
5:04 Forsooth if any widow hath sons, or cousins, learn she first to govern her house, and requite to father and mother; for this thing is accepted before God.
5:05 And she that is a widow verily, and desolate, hope she into God, and be busy in beseechings and prayers night and day.
5:06 For she that is living in delights, is dead in soul.
5:07 And this thing command thou, that they be without reproof.
5:08 For if any man hath not care of his own, and most of his household members, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an unfaithful man.
5:09 A widow be chosen into the temple not less than sixty years, that was wife of one husband,
5:10 having witnessing in good works, if she nourished sons, if she received poor men to harbour, if she hath washed the feet of holy men, if she under-ministered to men suffering tribulation, if she followed all good work.
5:11 Forsooth eschew younger widows; forsooth when they have done lechery in Christ, they will be wedded,
5:12 having damnation, for they have made void the first faith.
5:13 Also and they idle learn to go about houses, not only idle, but and they be full of words and curiosity, speaking things that it behooveth not.
5:14 Therefore I will, that younger widows be wedded, and bring forth children, and be housewives, to give none occasion to the adversary, by cause of cursed thing.
5:15 For now some be turned aback after Satan.
5:16 If any faithful man hath widows, under-minister he to them, that the church be not charged, that it suffice to them that be very widows.
5:17 The priests that be well before, be they had worthy to double honour; most they that travail in word and teaching.
5:18 For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not bridle the mouth of the ox threshing, and, A workman is worthy his hire.
5:19 Do not thou receive accusing against a priest, but under two or three witnesses.
5:20 Men sinning before all men reprove thou, that and others have dread.
5:21 I pray thee before God, and Jesus Christ, and his chosen angels, that thou keep these things without prejudice, doing nothing, bowing into another part.
5:22 Put thou hands to no man soon, neither commune thou with other men’s sins. Keep thyself chaste.
5:23 Do not thou yet drink water, but use a little wine, for thy stomach, and for thine oft falling infirmities.
5:24 Some men’s sins be open, going before to doom; forsooth of some men and they follow.
5:25 Also and good deeds be open, and they that have them otherwise, may not be hid.
6:01 Whatever servants be under yoke, deem they their lords worthy all honour, lest the name of their Lord God and his doctrine be blasphemed.
6:02 Forsooth, they that have faithful lords, despise them not, for they be brethren; but more serve they them, for they be faithful and loved, the which be partners of beneficence. These things teach thou, and these things admonish thou.
6:03 If any man teach otherwise, and accordeth not to the wholesome words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the teaching that is after piety,
6:04 he is proud, nothing knowing, but languishing about questions and fightings of words, of the which be brought forth envies, strives, blasphemies, evil suspicions,
6:05 fightings of men corrupt in soul, and that be deprived from truth, deeming winning to be piety.
6:06 But a great winning is piety, with sufficience.
6:07 Forsooth we brought nothing into this world, no doubt, for we may not bear away any thing.
6:08 Forsooth having foods, and with what things we shall be clothed, with these things be we satisfied.
6:09 For they that will be made rich, fall into temptation, and into the snare of the devil, and into many unprofitable desires and harmful, which drown men into death and perdition.
6:10 For the root of all evils is covetousness, which some men coveting erred from the faith, and beset them with many sorrows.
6:11 But, thou, man of God, flee these things; soothly follow thou rightwiseness, piety, faith, charity, patience, mildness.
6:12 Strive thou a good strife of faith, catch everlasting life, into which thou art called, and hast acknowledged a good acknowledging before many witnesses.
6:13 I command to thee before God, that quickeneth all things, and before Christ Jesus, that yielded a witnessing under Pilate of Pontii, a good confession,
6:14 that thou keep the commandment without wem, irreprehensible, till into the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ;
6:15 whom the blessed and alone almighty king of kings and Lord of lords shall shew in his times.
6:16 The which alone hath immortality, and dwelleth in light, to which light no man may come; whom no man saw, neither may see; to whom glory, and honour, and empire into without end. Amen.
6:17 Command thou to the rich of this world, that they understand not highly, nor to hope in uncertainty of riches, but in the living God, that giveth to us all things plenteously to use;
6:18 to do well, to be made rich in good works, lightly to give, to commune,
6:19 to treasure to themselves a good foundament into time to come, that they catch everlasting life.
6:20 Thou Timothy, keep the deposit, eschewing cursed novelties of voices, and opinions of false name of knowing;
6:21 the which some promising, fell down about the faith. The grace of God be with thee. Amen.
1. Terence P. Noble