Galatians (Wycliffe – 1382)

The Epistle to the Galatians
Wycliffe: The Early Version (1382)
1:01 Paul the apostle, not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, that raised him from dead men,
1:02 and all the brethren that be with me, to the churches of Galatia,
1:03 grace to you and peace of God the Father, and of our Lord Jesus Christ,
1:04 the which gave himself for our sins, that he should deliver us from this present wayward world, after the will of God and our Father,
1:05 to whom is honour and glory into worlds of worlds. Amen.
1:06 I wonder, that so soon ye be thus moved from him that called you into the grace of Christ, into another gospel;
1:07 which is not another, but that there be some that trouble you, and will mis-turn the evangel of Christ.
1:08 But though we, or an angel of heaven, evangelize to you, besides that that we have evangelized to you, cursed be he.
1:09 As I have said before, and now again I say, if any shall evangelize except that that ye have taken, cursed be he.
1:10 I council now to men, or to God? or I seek to please men? If I yet pleased to men, I were not the servant of Christ.
1:11 Soothly brethren, I make the gospel known to you, which is evangelized of me, for it is not after man;
1:12 neither I took it of man, neither learned, but by the revelation of Jesus Christ.
1:13 for over manner, I pursued the church of God, and fought against it.
1:14 And I profited in the Jewry above many of mine even-elders in my kindred, being more abundantly a lover of my fathers’ traditions.
1:15 But when it pleased him, that parted me from my mother’s womb, and called by his grace,
1:16 to shew his Son in me, that I should preach him among the heathen, anon I accorded not to flesh and blood;
1:17 neither I came to Jerusalem to the apostles, that were before me, but I went into Arabia, and again I turned again into Damascus.
1:18 Afterward after three years I came to Jerusalem, to see Peter, and dwelled with him fifteen days;
1:19 but I saw none other of the apostles, no but James, the brother of the Lord.
1:20 And these things which I write to you, lo! before God I lie not.
1:21 Afterward I came into the parts of Syria and Cilicia.
1:22 But I was unknown by face to the churches of Judaea, that were in Christ;
1:23 and they had only an hearing, that he that pursued us sometime, now evangelizeth the faith, against which he fought sometime;
1:24 and in me they glorified God.
2:01 Afterward after fourteen years, again I went up to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took with me Titus.
2:02 Forsooth I went up by revelation, and said together with them the gospel, which I preach among the heathen; forsooth asides hand to them that were seen to be somewhat, lest peradventure I should run in vain, or had run in vain.
2:03 But neither Titus, that was with me, when he was heathen, was compelled to be circumcised;
2:04 but for false brethren, under-brought in, which privily entered to espy our liberty, which we have in Christ Jesus, that they should drive us into servage.
2:05 To whom neither at an hour we gave stead to subjection, that the truth of the gospel should dwell with you.
2:06 But of these that seemed to be somewhat; what manner they were sometime, it pertaineth nothing to me, for God taketh not the person of man; for they that seemed to be somewhat, nothing to me gave.
2:07 But on the contrary, when they had seen, that the gospel of prepuce was taken to me, as and of circumcision to Peter;
2:08 for he that wrought to Peter in apostlehood of circumcision, wrought also to me among the heathen;
2:09 and when they had known the grace, that is given to me, James, and Cephas, and John, which were seen to be pillars, gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship, that we preach among heathen men, they forsooth into the circumcision;
2:10 only that we should be mindful of poor men, the which thing I was full busy to do.
2:11 But when Peter was come to Antioch, I stood against him into the face, for he was worthy to be reproved.
2:12 Forsooth before that some came from James, he ate with heathen men; but when they were come, he withdrew, and parted him, dreading them that were of circumcision.
2:13 And other Jews consented to his feigning, so that Barnabas was drawn of them into that feigning.
2:14 But when I saw, that they walked not rightly to the truth of the gospel, I said to Peter before all men, If thou, that art a Jew, livest heathen-like, and not Jew-like, how constrainest thou heathen men to become Jews?
2:15 We be Jews of kind, and not sinners of heathen men,
2:16 soothly knowing for a man is not justified of the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ; and we believe in Jesus Christ, that we be justified by the faith of Christ, and not of the works of the law. Wherefore of the works of the law each flesh shall not be justified.
2:17 That if we seeking to be justified in Christ, and we ourselves be found sinners, whether Christ is minister of sin? Far be it.
2:18 Soothly if I build again those things that I destroyed, I make myself a trespasser.
2:19 For by the law I am dead to the law, that I live to God;
2:20 with Christ I am fixed to the cross. Forsooth I live now, not I, but Christ liveth in me. Forsooth that I live now in flesh, I live in the faith of God’s Son, which loved me, and betook himself for me.
2:21 I cast not away the grace of God; for if rightwiseness is by the law, then Christ died without cause.
3:01 O! ye witless men of Galatia, who deceived you to obey not to the truth? before whose eyes Jesus Christ is condemned, and in you crucified.
3:02 This thing only will I learn of you, have ye taken the Spirit by the works of the law, by the hearing of belief?
3:03 So ye be fools, that when ye have begun in Spirit, now ye be ended by flesh.
3:04 Ye have suffered so many things without cause, if it be without cause.
3:05 Therefore he that giveth to you the Spirit, and worketh works of power in you, whether of the works of the law, or of hearing of faith?
3:06 As it is written, Abraham believed to God, and it was reckoned to him to rightwiseness.
3:07 Therefore know ye, that they that be of faith, they be the sons of Abraham.
3:08 And the scripture seeing afar, for God justifieth of faith heathen men, told before to Abraham, For in thee all folks, shall be blessed.
3:09 Therefore they that be of faith, shall be blessed with faithful Abraham.
3:10 Forsooth whoever be of the works of the law, be under curse; for it is written, Cursed is each man, that dwelleth not in all things that be written in the book of the law, that he do them.
3:11 Forsooth for no man is justified in the law with God, it is known, for a rightful man liveth by faith.
3:12 But the law is not of belief, but he that doeth those things, shall live in them.
3:13 Christ delivered us from the curse of the law, made for us the curse; for it is written, Cursed is each that hangeth in the tree;
3:14 that the blessing of Abraham in heathen men should be made in Christ Jesus, that we take the promise of Spirit by faith.
3:15 Brethren, I say after man, no man despiseth the testament of a man that is confirmed, or above-ordaineth other thing.
3:16 The promises were said to Abraham and to his seed; he saith not, In the seeds, as in many, but as in one, And to thy seed, that is, Christ.
3:17 Forsooth I say this, a testament confirmed of God, which after four hundred years and thirty is made law, maketh not void for to do away the promise.
3:18 For if the heritage were of the law, it were not now of promise. Forsooth God gave to Abraham by again-promise.
3:19 What therefore profiteth the law? It was set for trespassing, till the seed came, to whom he had made the promise. Which law was ordained by angels, in the hand of a mediator.
3:20 But a mediator is not of one. But God is one.
3:21 Is then the law against the promises of God? Far be it. For if there were a law given, which might quicken, verily rightwiseness were of law.
3:22 But the scripture hath concluded all things under sin, that the promise of faith of Jesus Christ were given to them that believe.
3:23 Forsooth before that the faith came, we were kept under the law, shut together into that faith that was to be shewed.
3:24 Therefore the law was our little master in Christ, that we be justified of faith.
3:25 But after that the faith came, we be not now under the under-master.
3:26 For all ye be the sons of God by faith in Christ Jesus.
3:27 Forsooth whoever ye be baptized in Christ, ye have clothed in Christ.
3:28 There is not Jew, neither Greek; there is not servant, neither free man; there is not male, neither female; for all ye be one in Christ Jesus.
3:29 Forsooth if ye be of Christ, therefore ye be seed of Abraham, after the promise ye be heirs.
4:01 But I say, as long time as the heir is a little child, he diverseth nothing from a servant, when he is lord of all;
4:02 but he is under tutors and keepers, till the time determined of the father.
4:03 So and we, when we were little, were serving under the elements of the world.
4:04 But after that the fulfilling of the time came, God sent his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,
4:05 that he should again-buy them that were under the law, that we should receive the adoption of sons.
4:06 And for ye be God’s sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.
4:07 Therefore now there is not servant, but son; that if son, then and heir by God.
4:08 But then soothly ye unknowing God, served to them that in kind were not gods.
4:09 Now forsooth when ye have known God, yea, rather ye be known of God, how be ye turned together again to sick, and needy elements, to which ye will serve again?
4:10 Ye keep days, and months, and times, and years.
4:11 But I dread you, lest peradventure I have travailed in you without cause.
4:12 Be ye as I, for I am as ye. Brethren, I beseech you, ye have nothing hurt me.
4:13 But ye know, that by infirmity of flesh I have evangelized to you now before;
4:14 and your temptation in my flesh ye despised not, neither forsook, but ye received me as an angel of God, as Christ Jesus.
4:15 Where is therefore your blessedness, that ye had beforetime? For I bear you witness, that if it might have been done, ye would have put out your eyes, and have given them to me.
4:16 Therefore am I made enemy to you, saying true thing to you?
4:17 They love you not well, but they will exclude you, that ye follow them.
4:18 But follow ye the good evermore in good, and not only when I am present with you.
4:19 My little sons, whom I child again, till Christ be formed in you,
4:20 and I would now be at you, and change my voice, for I am confounded in you.
4:21 Say to me, ye that will be under the law, have ye not read the law?
4:22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, one of a servant, one of the handmaiden, and one of the free wife.
4:23 Forsooth he that was of the handmaiden was born after the flesh; but he that was of the free wife, was born by promise.
4:24 Which things be said by allegory. For why these things be two testaments; soothly the one in the mount Sinai, gendering into servage, that is Agar.
4:25 For Sinai is an hill that is in Arabia, which hill is joined to it that is now Jerusalem, and serveth with her children.
4:26 But that Jerusalem that is above, is free, which is our mother.
4:27 For it is written, Be glad, thou barren, that bearest not; break out and cry, thou that childest not; for many sons be of the deserted, more than of her that hath an husband.
4:28 Forsooth, brethren, we be after Isaac the sons of promise;
4:29 but as then he that was born after the flesh pursued him that was born after the Spirit, so and now.
4:30 But what saith the scripture? Cast out the handmaiden and her son, for the son of the handmaiden shall not be heir with the son of the free wife.
4:31 And so, brethren, we be not sons of the handmaiden, but of the free, by which liberty Christ hath made us free.
5:01 Therefore stand ye, and again do not ye be together holden in the yoke of servage.
5:02 Lo! I Paul say to you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit to you nothing.
5:03 Soothly I bear witnessing again to every man circumcising himself, that he is a debtor of all the law to be done.
5:04 Ye be voided from Christ, ye that be justified in the law have fallen away from grace.
5:05 For we by Spirit of faith abide the hope of rightwiseness.
5:06 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision is any thing worth, neither prepuce, but faith that worketh by charity.
5:07 Ye ran well; who letted you to not obey to the truth?
5:08 Consent ye to no man; forsooth this persuasion is not of him that called you.
5:09 A little sourdough maketh sour all the gobbet.
5:10 I trust of you in the Lord, that ye should understand none other thing. Forsooth he that distroubleth you, shall bear doom whoever he be.
5:11 Forsooth, brethren, if I preach yet circumcision, what yet suffer I persecution? therefore the offence of the cross is voided.
5:12 I would that they that distrouble you, be also cut off.
5:13 Forsooth, brethren, ye be called into liberty only; give ye not liberty into occasion of flesh, but by charity of the Spirit serve ye together.
5:14 Forsooth all the law is fulfilled in one word, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
5:15 And if ye bite, and eat each other, see ye, lest ye be wasted each from other.
5:16 And I say to you in Christ, walk ye in Spirit, and ye shall not perform the desires of the flesh.
5:17 For the flesh coveteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; for these be adversaries together, that ye do not those things, whatever ye will.
5:18 For if ye be led by the Spirit, ye be not under the law.
5:19 And the works of the flesh be open, which be fornication, uncleanness, unchastity, lechery,
5:20 serving to idols, witchcrafts, enmities, strives, indignations, wraths, chidings, dissensions, sects,
5:21 envies, manslayings, drunkennesses, gluttonies, and like things to these, which I say to you before, as I have told to you before, for they that do such things, shall not have the kingdom of God.
5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is charity, joy, peace, patience, long abiding, benignity, goodness, mildness, faith,
5:23 temperance, continence, chastity; against such things is no law.
5:24 Forsooth they that be of Christ, have crucified their flesh with vices and concupiscence.
5:25 If we live by Spirit, walk we by Spirit;
5:26 be we not made covetous of vain glory, stirring each other to wrath, or having envy each to other.
6:01 Brethren, and if a man be before occupied in any guilt, ye that be spiritual, teach such a manner man in the spirit of softness, beholding thyself, that and thou be not tempted.
6:02 Bear ye the charges the tother of the tother, and so ye shall fulfill the law of Christ.
6:03 For why if any man guesseth himself to be aught, when he is nought, he deceiveth himself.
6:04 But each man prove his own work, and so he shall have glory only in himself, and not in another.
6:05 For each man shall bear his own charge.
6:06 Forsooth he that is taught by word, commune to him that teacheth him, in all good things.
6:07 Do not ye err, God is not scorned; for why what things a man soweth, also these things he shall reap.
6:08 For he that soweth in his flesh, of the flesh he shall reap corruption; but he that soweth in the Spirit, of the Spirit he shall reap everlasting life.
6:09 Forsooth we doing good, fail not; for in his time we shall reap, not failing.
6:10 Therefore while we have time, work we good to all men; but most to the household members of the faith.
6:11 See ye, what manner letters I have written to you with mine own hand.
6:12 For whoever will please in the flesh, these constrain you to be circumcised, only that they suffer not the persecution of Christ’s cross.
6:13 For neither they that be circumcised keep the law; but they will you to be circumcised, that they glory in your flesh.
6:14 Forsooth be it far to me to glory, but in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified to me, and I to the world.
6:15 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision is any thing worth, nor prepuce, but a new creature.
6:16 And whoever follow this rule, peace upon them, and mercy, and upon Israel of God.
6:17 From henceforth, no man be heavy to me; forsooth I bear in my body the tokens of our Lord Jesus Christ.
6:18 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit, brethren. Amen.
1. Terence P. Noble